The Society was founded in 1843 by progressive farmers and landowners in North East Scotland, an area renowned throughout the world for the quality of its livestock and the stockmanship of its farmers. Royal Patronage has honoured the organisation for over 150 years and the current patron Princess Anne, attended the 2012 Spring Show. The Society aims to “improve Agricultural Production and the rural economy in all its branches”. 

Today the Society is best known for its range of activities including the acclaimed annual Spring Show, competitions for growing cereals and turnips, awards for outstanding service to Agriculture and encouragement of good farming practice. The Society has also been able to give assistance to some very worthwhile causes, particularly Countryside Education for Young People.